The UH360 Observatory

The UH360 Observatory serves as an information hub for our communities, partners, and collaborators.



Research, Policies & Interventions that impact urban health


Information Hub for our Communities, Partners, and Collaborators
Curate & Disseminate
Curate & Disseminate knowledge about the health of urban populations
Translate research that affects the health of urban populations
Articulate valuable interventions impacting the health of urban populations
Amplify policy that impacts the health of urban populations
Present data narratives and stories to highlight these 6 focus areas in urban communities

How We Present Information

Using our Focus Areas Model described earlier, our Data Narratives and Data Visualization are presented in terms of our 6 Focus Areas and Elaborated through the Sub-Areas that comprise each Focus Area.

We present this information by profiling a community and the country in which it exists.


Our Focus

Community First

Mental Health & Well Being

Healthy Health Of Men & Boys

Health Of Women & Girls

Youth Health Well Being

Access To Health Information

Disease Patterns

Healthy Aging

Health dynamics are intertemporal fluctuations in the health status of an individual or a group of individuals. It may also have political implications, which in turn may affect resource allocation decisions. We begin with community-level population status and expand out to state- or regional area-level and country-level.

Population Density

(primary Vs secondary cities)


Subsistence Livelihoods Economic Diversity

Informal Settlement

Social Heterogeneity

(gender, age, ethnicity, class differences)

Here we focus on changes in the population over time as manifested in population density, migration and settlement patterns, economic diversity, and changes in social composition. Of particular interest is the movement from rural to urban and the issues related to such movement.

The world population is estimated to increase from 7.4 to 8.6 billion people by 2030, and 97% of this growth is in developing countries — particularly India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. On average, 60% of the world population will live in cities in 2030 – ranging from 81% in developed countries vs 56% in the developing world. However, 94% of this urbanization will occur in developing countries, and more megacities will emerge, particularly in Asia.

Informal Food Sector

Nutrition Transition

Formal Food Sector

According to the World Food Programme,135 million suffer from acute hunger largely due to man-made conflicts, climate change and economic downturns. If recent trends continue, the number of people affected by hunger will surpass 840 million by 2030. Increasing agricultural productivity and sustainable food production are crucial to help alleviate the perils of hunger.

Access To Work

Access To Housing

Water & Sanitation

Social Services

Educational Opportunities

Spatial Coherence

(roads, communication)

Health Services

Health infrastructure provides the necessary foundation for all health services—from vaccinations to chronic disease prevention programs to emergency preparedness efforts. A strong health infrastructure includes:

  • A capable and qualified workforce.
  • Up-to-date data and information systems.
  • Agencies that can assess and respond to health needs.

Culture Of Health Learning

Active & Committed Local Leaders

Shared Knowledge

Policy Influence

Community Engagement

Goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals focuses in on “Good health and wellbeing.”

The lack of capacity for governance of Ministries of Health (MoHs) is frequently advanced to explain health systems failures in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, realizing the goals and policies of the health system becomes possible by recognizing the indicators of good governance in the field of health and then the measures of the government to improve those indicators.

Safe Drinking Water System

Air Pollution

(ambient & household management)

Safe Waste Disposal

Adequate Sanitation

Wastewater Collection Management

Environmental equity means protection from environmental hazards as well as access to environmental benefits, regardless of income, race, and other characteristics. Thus, environmental equity is a basic human right.


Research, Policies & Interventions that impact urban health

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